The world needs to take decisive steps to address the issues which hold Humanity back from Sustainable Development. Here we outline all 17 goals which the United Nations has laid out to achieve sustainable development by 2030.


Humanity has trudged along century after century continually improving and innovating our way of life. Unfortunately, In the pursuit of human development, we have overlooked the planet where we exist.

Care for the animals and plants which co-habit the only planet we call our home. 

Wanton consumption of natural resources without caring for their replenishment has driven the world to the edge. Now it is time that Humanity steps up and acknowledges the need to work together to achieve the 17 sustainable development goals outlined by the United Nations.

Why 17 goals ? 

The United Nations had outlined 17 goals in 2015. Every nation that is a part of the U.N. have accepted these tasks and shoulder

They are global objectives which succeeded the previously active Millennium Development Goals on New Year’s Day 2016. These goals have to shape national development plans for the next 15 years.

We must acknowledge the Millennium development goals for taking significant strides forward. From driving down child mortality rates to tackling hunger and water accessibility issues.

Now after the Coronavirus outbreak and the crippling Lock down’s, the need is more significant than ever before.

The U.N. Secretary-General was quite clear in about the tall order of the task at hand.

“Everything we do during and after this crisis [COVID-19] must be with a strong focus on building an equal, inclusive and sustainable economies and societies that are more resilient in the face of pandemics, climate change, and the many other global challenges we face.” 

António Guterres ; Secretary-General, United Nations

Read his complete address in the Foreword Section => Link to the Section

What are the sustainable development goals? 

The Following Image highlights all the 17 UN sustainable development goals

17 UN { United Nations } Sustainable Development Goals 2020
Source : United Nations > Statistics Division Page

What are the sustainable development goals? 

The above Infographic has numbered the goals on the order of Importance to the world at large. I shall outline the current progress of each plan as of Fall 2020

Goal 1: No poverty

Sustainable Development No Poverty 2030
End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, estimates suggested that 6 per cent of the global population would be in extreme poverty in 2030. Thus resulting in missing the target of ending poverty. Now the impacts of COVID-19 are projected to push millions more into poverty. 

Robust social protection systems are essential for mitigating the effects and preventing many people from falling into poverty.

Biological hazards such as COVID-19, along with other threats such as hurricanes, floods, earthquakes and wildfires, cause disasters and worsen poverty. Least Developed countries { LDC }will suffer more on account of the coronavirus pandemic.

Goal 2: Zero hunger

Sustainable Development Goal Zero Hunger
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

To end hunger, attain food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. Globally, hunger and food insecurity rises day by day. Malnutrition still affects millions of children. 

They are indirectly reducing purchasing power and the capacity of vulnerable populations to produce and distribute food.

Eliminating hunger may not ensure that everyone has access to sufficient nutritious food. Along with conflict, climate shocks and the locust crisis, COVID-19 poses an additional threat to food systems.

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

Sustainable Development Goal : 3 Good Health and Well Being
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Affordable healthcare and promote well-being for all age-groups.

Despite advances in many areas of health, the rate of progress is not sufficient to meet most Goal 3 targets. The COVID-19 pandemic is throwing progress even further off track. The sudden increase in COVID-19 cases always causes a significant loss of life by overwhelming many health systems.

Other health emergencies and immunization drives are grounded to allocate more personnel for COVID-19 relief. Currently, we run the risk of reversing years of progress in health systems. 

Goal 4: Quality education

To ensure quality education for all and promote lifelong learning opportunities that are inclusive. Before the coronavirus crisis, more than 200 million children would be out of school.

Sixty per cent of young people would graduate from upper secondary education in 2030. School closures to stop the spread of COVID-19 have affected the many students.

Disrupted education adversely affects learning and social and behavioural development of children and youth.

Goal 5: Gender equality

Child marriage has declined in recent years, and women’s representation in the political arena is higher than ever before. We are far away from the reality where every woman and girl enjoys full gender equality. 

Despite a progressive increase in reporting of domestic violence to helplines, women’s refuges and shelters, and the police. Women are also more likely to have their phones monitored by abusive or controlling partners. Besides service disruptions and closures, women experiencing violence have less access to support and may not seek or be able to receive medical care, if needed.

Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation

To ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Handwashing is one of the cheapest, easiest and most effective ways to prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

Water, sanitation and hygiene services are not always available in places where people seek medical care. Increasing water-use efficiency reduces the risk of water stress. 

Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy

To ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all. We have made progress in improving energy efficiency and expanding access to electricity. However, millions of people across the globe still lack this essential service.

Progress on clean cooking fuels and technologies has stagnated, affecting the health of millions of women and children in particular. Disruptions in supply chains could wreak havoc on energy services, and reduced incomes could limit people’s ability to pay for them.

Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth

To promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all. 

The coronavirus in 2020 has caused abrupt and profound changes, slowing the economy even further. It is harming the world’s labour markets, particularly on workers in informal employment, the self-employed, daily wage earners and workers in sectors at the highest risk of disruption.

The eventual increase in global unemployment over 2020 will depend on how effectively policy measures preserve existing jobs and boost labour demand once the recovery phase begins.

Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure

To build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation. The pandemic has dealt a severe blow to the manufacturing and transport industries, causing disruptions in global value chains and the supply of products as well as job losses and declining work hours in these sectors.

Small-scale industrial enterprises are significant sources of employment in developing and emerging economies. They are central to income-generation and the alleviation of poverty and will play a crucial role in the recovery of the global economy post-COVID-19.

Goal 10: Reduced inequalities

To reduce inequality within and among countries. Despite some positive signs such as granting trade status for lower-income countries – inequality in its various forms persists. The COVID-19 crisis is making inequality worse.

The main grounds of discrimination mentioned by these women was not the disability itself. Still, religion, ethnicity and sex, pointing to the urgent need for measures to tackle multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination. The COVID-19 pandemic may further entrench existing patterns of discrimination and stigma, with reports emerging from many countries of discrimination against different groups.

Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities

To make inclusive cities and safe human settlements that are sustainable. Even before the new coronavirus, 4 billion people in the world’s cities faced worsening air pollution. Rapid urbanization resulted in inadequate infrastructure and services and unplanned urban sprawl. Safe public transportation, reliable services and open public spaces are especially important now to ensure the health and livelihoods of urban dwellers. People employed in the informal sector and are at high risk of losing their livelihoods as cities lockdown.

Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production

To ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. Consumption and production drive the global economy. A side-effect is that planetary health declines through the bold use of natural resources. The global carbon footprint is increasing faster than population growth and economic output. 

An unacceptably high proportion of food gets lost along the supply chain. Now additionally, medical waste is generated during the pandemic. COVID-19 is a chance to develop recovery plans that will reverse current trends and shift our patterns to a more sustainable course.

Goal 13: Climate action

To take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. The climate crisis continues unabated as the global community shies away from the full commitment required for its reversal. Governments and businesses should use the lessons learned and opportunities arising from this crisis to accelerate the transitions needed to achieve the Paris Agreement.

Goal 14: Life below water

To conserve and sustainably use water resources for sustainable development. Oceans are our planet’s life support and regulate the global climate system. They are the world’s largest ecosystem, home to nearly a million known species, containing the vast untapped potential for scientific discovery. Oceans and fisheries continue to support the global population’s economic, social and environmental needs. It is more important than ever for countries to support small-scale fishers as crucial contributors to sustainable food systems. 

Goal 15: Life on land

To protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss. Wildlife crime, such as illicit poaching and trafficking of pangolins and other animals, not only threatens ecosystem health and biodiversity.

It also has the potential to disrupt human health, economic development and security around the world, as we are now witnessing first-hand. Tackling these evils are having a higher priority now more than ever.

Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

To promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. The right to information held by public authorities is an integral aspect of freedom of expression. The threat of COVID-19 is more significant in situations of armed conflict, where fighting has ravaged health systems, displaced people and forced them to live in overcrowded conditions with marginal or no access to essential services.

Goal 17: Build a Global Partnership

To strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development. The COVID-19 pandemic is now threatening past achievements, with trade, foreign direct investment and remittances all projected to decline. This is largely the result of a fall in the wages and employment of migrant workers, who tend to be more vulnerable than non-migrants in economic crises in host countries.

What Guidelines do these goals follow?

Here is an Evergreen resource where additional resources and Guidelines are found here => UNCL ToolKit

What does the future hold for these ambitious goals?

This article is the pillar post, while upcoming blogs are going to come out in the order of implementation needed.

I want these blogs to stand for my point of view on how the world needs to pursue these goals to achieve sustainable development by 2030.

Under each blog you can read the updated information with links to global resources.

Click on the Button below and subscribe to my blog and receive all future updates on my chatbot.

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